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Make Handmade Vegetable Soap

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Make Handmade Vegetable Soap

Making soap is one of the easiest chemistry projects that aspiring chemists create. It is also one of the most interesting and fun things that you at home can do to make a soap that is mild and easy on your skin.

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While soap making isn't all straightforward and you do have to take a few precautions, it can be a very interesting hobby.You can add some additional ingredients such as natural oils to make the soaps scented and even antibacterial.

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How do you produce a healthy handmade soap for your skin?

Steps

  1. 1
    The fats that go into making soap are vegetable oils or animal fats.
    In chemical jargon, they are said to consist of triesters of glycerol and fatty acids.
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  2. 2
    As for the base used, it is soda (sodium hydroxide) or potash (potassium hydroxide).
    You must handle these with care because of their caustic qualities.
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  3. 3
    These two reagents are transformed into glycerol and soap by saponification.
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  4. 4
    The soap has amphiphilic properties - that is to say both hydrophilic (affinity for water) and lipophilic (fat affinity), which explains why it readily binds with fat while being perfectly soluble in water.
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  5. 5
    Soap recipe and precautions:
    The ingredients to make a cheap soap or organic soap that cleans the skin without irritating are as follows:  
    1. 30 g coconut oil
    2. 70 g olive oil
    3. 35 ml water
    4. 14.06 g of sodium hydroxide
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  6. 6
    The procedures below must be strictly followed, for the handling of soda is not trivial.
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  7. 7
    To start, you never add a drink or an acid or a base.
    Thus, add soda water, and definitely not the opposite!
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  8. 8
    This reaction is exothermic, meaning it generates heat, so the container should preferably be made of glass .
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  9. 9
    To move, use a stainless steel spatula or a wooden spoon.
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  10. 10
    The next step is to preheat the oil to a temperature of 40 degrees Celsius.
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  11. 11
    The mixture of sodium and water that will cool to 40 degrees Celsius is then slowly added to the oil, while stirring constantly.
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  12. 12
    The patch must be continued until the track point.
    When this stage is reached, drop a drop of soap and paste the rest of the mixture. If it does not disappear immediately after the surface is scratched, it means that the patch was done.
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  13. 13
    Now your soap making is almost finished and all you have left to do is pour the batter into soap molds and allow it to harden, and then pass the time of treatment (about four weeks) during which soaps are caustic.
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Make your Homemade bath soap

Most of the homemade bath soap that you can make from this article can last up to a year if it is being placed in a cool dry place. Recipe of these homemade can be found only at home or purchase it from local stores (If you do not have the necessary ingredients) which can save you extra bucks from your wallet. This homemade bath soap can be applied to school activities or even to start a small business of yours at home to sell it online or to your friends and relatives. These homemade soaps are good for gift during mother’s day or to any occasion. You can also add some perfume oil that you like if you are going to give it as a gift. Here are some few homemade bath/Bar soaps or Shampoo Bar soap:

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Homemade Shampoo Bar Soap

Ingredients and Equipment

Beeswax – 1 Ounce

Cocoa butter – 2 Ounces

Jojoba oil – 3 Ounces

Olive oil – 9 Ounces

Shea butter – 2 Ounces

Castor oil – 5 Ounces

Coconut oil – 9 Ounces

Water – 4 Ounces

Lye – 4 Ounces

Coconut Milk – 6 Ounces

Crock Pan

Stick blender

Rubber spatula

Molder

Glass measuring cups

Small glass bowls

Crock pot - 8 quart

Plastic spoon with long handle

If you want to make more of these Shampoo Bar soap. You need to double the ounces per ingredients to double the numbers of soaps that you can make or even multiply it to your desired number. You can also add the following as optional oil, use at least 1 Ounce but multiply or double if you want to make more. Lavender and Lemon

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Lime

Rosemary

Instructions

  1. 1
    Get a large measuring cup, either glass or plastic (It is best to use glass for measuring) and pour the water and add coconut milk and stir it for 5 seconds.
    Get another measuring glass cup and put in the lye to measure its weight
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  2. 2
    Add the lye into the glass where you pour the coconut milk and the water.
    Stir it well but be careful as the sides of the bowl would become hot so take extra precautions upon performing this step. After stirring the lye, place it to a vent or cool place to cool it down while preparing the oils.
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  3. 3
    Measure all the oils by a kitchen scale then pour it into a pot (Any size) then heat it with on low heat and add the beeswax and wait until all are melted in the pot then turn off the heat.
    Get a crock pot and pour the melted beeswax and oils and make sure that you set it on the lowest setting to avoid the oils getting too hot.
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  4. 4
    You may now get the lye mixture if it has been cooled off and mix it to the beeswax and oils mixtures.
    Keep on stirring the mixture at least 1 minute or 2 minutes till you have mixed them well. You need to use a stick blender at this point for you to blend the mixture very well in the crock pot. Work on the blending process at least 5 minutes. Not more than 5 minutes or less than 3 minutes in the process and wait till everything become thick like pudding then turn off the crook pot.
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  5. 5
    After you achieve the pudding like appearance that is thick.
    You need to cook the mixture at least 45 Minutes to 1 hour and after that, turn off the crook pot.
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  6. 6
    Get a molding pan and greased it with coconut oil for the soap not to stick on your molding pan and pour the soap mixture in it and add your essential oil that is if you are using then leave it for 24 hours for the soap to cool down and harden.
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  7. 7
    After 24 Hours, you can get the mixture you made and place it on a chopping board and cut it to the size that you desired.
    Get one slice of the Bar Shampoo that you made and use it for the first time and place the other bars to a cool dry place to use it in the future.
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Lemon Soap or Oatmeal Soap

The next part of the homemade soap bars may sound so yummy but they are not for consumption or to intake as they are still soaps. These are totally great to as a gift for your mom to give a smile on her face, see the instructions below:

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Ingredients

Goat Milk soap base

Lemon zest, at least 5 lemons

For Oat Meal, you can use any brand that you preferred.

Lemon essential oil If you want to make a couple more of the soap, you need to double or multiply the ingredients.

Instructions

  1. 1
    Get the soap base and cut it in to cubes or small pieces and place it in a microwavable plastic or ceramic then place it in the microwave at least 30 seconds till it melts.
    Add 30 seconds if it still not yet melted.
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  2. 2
    Once all the soap has been liquefied then add the lemon zest and stir it for a couple of seconds till it has been mixed very well.
    If you have an essential oil, you can add it as well.
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  3. 3
    Get a molding pan and pour the soap then leave it for an hour or two to harden it.
    Once it has been harden, you can place it on a chopping board and cut it to your desired size then place the other finished product to a cool dry place or to a sealed plastic bag to maintain it’s scent.
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Homemade Coconut Oil Soap

Ingredients and equipments

Lye - 4.83 ounces

Coconut oil – 33 ounces

Essential oil – 1 ounce but only optional

Water - 12.54 ounces

Laundry Soap – 1% super fat

Stick blender

Scale (Digital or Analog)

Rubber spatula

Molder

Glass measuring cups

Small glass bowls

Crock pot - 8 quart

Thermometer

Plastic spoon with long handle

Sauce pan

Instructions

  1. 1
    Weigh the ingredients you have to your desired amount then set the crock pot to low heat.
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  2. 2
    Get a medium sized ceramic or glass bowl and pour water and mixed it with lye and use a long handled spoon to stir.
    Make sure that you also wear protective gears like long sleeve, face mask and gloves to avoid accidents also to avoid the vapors coming from lye. Make sure that you add lye very slowly in the water and gently mix as the mixture would become so hot and let it cool at least for 5 minutes.
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  3. 3
    Get a sauce pan and pour oil then heat it from 120 to 130 Fahrenheit.
    Use the thermometer to check the temperature but make sure that the thermometer will not touch the bottom of the pot as it may break.
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  4. 4
    Get your crock pot and place your coconut oil add lye in the crock pot and stir for a couple or turns.
    Use a stick blender to mix them all and wait till you get a thick texture like a pudding. Cover the crock pan in low heat; let it sit for at least 30 Minutes and the oil in this process should rise in the sides.
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  5. 5
    Once the soup is ready, it should look like a translucent Vaseline like with no oil.
    If you have some essential oil that you wanted to add in the product, you need to cool it a little bit then add.
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  6. 6
    Scoop the mixture and place it in a molding pan then let it cool by placing it in a cool dry place for 24 hours or put it inside your fridge to speed the cooling process.
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  7. 7
    Once it has been cooled off, place the finished product to a chopping board and slice the soap to your desired size and use it and place the other sliced bars to a cool dry place area.
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Warning

  1. 1
    Verify the pH using a pH meter.
    Any soap which has a pH that is over ten can irritate your skin. If you make a soap with a pH greater than 11 it must not be used on the skin according to Seattle.edu.
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  • If you have any problems with any of these steps please post in the comments section below.

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Categories : Arts & Crafts | PL Check GREEN

Recent edits by: Eng, Lynn, Robbi

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